Volume 6 -                   ijmt 2016, 6 - : 11-18 | Back to browse issues page



DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.ijmt.6.11

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hosseini S T, Chegini V, Sadrinasab M, Siadatmousavi S M, Yari S. Residence Times in a Hypersaline Creek: Using Salinity as a Tracer. ijmt. 2016; 6 :11-18
URL: http://ijmt.ir/article-1-515-en.html

1- Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science
2- Assistant Prof Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science
3- Assistant Prof University of Tehran
4- Assistant Prof Iran University of Science &Technology
Abstract:   (431 Views)

Spatial measurements of conductivity, temperature and depth were used to study salinity variations along the principal channels of the tidal hypersaline creek network in the vicinity of Bushehr Port, Persian Gulf during three 25- tidal cycles in both warm and cold months.

Salinity variations and tidal fluctuations were out of phase throughout the short inverse estuary. The salinity values inside the creek were higher during the warm month (August 2014) than the corresponding values during the cold month (December 2014) due to the change in evaporation rates. The salinity values, also, were linearly increased longitudinally from the inlet to the head especially during warm season.

Observed evaporation rates in August and December periods and the corresponding salinity differences between hypersaline water of the creek and the incoming seawater were used to determine the Residence Time (RT).

The longitudinal variation of RT showed almost linear increase from the inlet to the head. The maximum temporal distribution of RT represented an increase from ~10 days in winter to ~30 days in summer due to the change in the longitudinal salinity gradient.

Full-Text [PDF 849 kb]   (198 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Environmental Study
Accepted: 2017/06/18

References
1. Applied Meteorological Research Center of Bushehr, AMRCB, (2015), Statistical observations of atmospheric parameters of the Bushehr meteorological station, 2015 Technical Report.
2. Blaise, S., De Brye, B., De Brauwere, A., Deleersnijder, E., Delhez, E.J. and Comblen, R., (2010), Capturing the residence time boundary layer-application to the Scheldt Estuary, Ocean Dynamics, Vol.60(3), p.535-554.
3. Bolin, B. and Rodhe, H., (1973), A note on the concepts of age distribution and transit time in natural reservoirs, Tellus, Vol.25(1), p.58-62.
4. Choukroun, S., Ridd, P.V., Brinkman, R. and McKinna, L.I., (2010), On the surface circulation in the western Coral Sea and residence times in the Great Barrier Reef, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 115(C6).
5. Delhez, É.J., Heemink, A.W. and Deleersnijder, É., (2004), Residence time in a semi-enclosed domain from the solution of an adjoint problem, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol.61(4), p.691-702.
6. Dronkers, J. and Zimmerman, J., (1982), Some principles of mixing in tidal lagoons, Oceanologica Acta, Special issue.
7. Hancock, G.J., Webster, I. and Stieglitz, T.C., (2006), Horizontal mixing of Great Barrier Reef waters: Offshore diffusivity determined from radium isotope distribution, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 111(C12).
8. Hardisty, J., (2008), Estuaries: monitoring and modeling the physical system, John Wiley & Sons.
9. Hassanzadeh, S., Kiasatpour, A. and Hosseinibalam, F., (2007), Sea-level response to atmospheric forcing along the north coast of Persian Gulf, Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, Vol.95(3), p.223-237.
10. Hearn, C.J. and Robson, B.J., (2002), On the effects of wind and tides on the hydrodynamics of a shallow Mediterranean estuary, Continental Shelf Research, Vol.22(18), p.2655-2672.
11. Hosseinibalam, F., Hassanzadeh, S. and Kiasatpour, A., (2007), Interannual variability and seasonal contribution of thermal expansion to sea level in the Persian Gulf, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, Vol.54(9), p.1474-1485.
12. Jickells, T., (1998), Nutrient biogeochemistry of the coastal zone, Science, Vol.281(5374), p.217-222.
13. Largier, J., Hollibaugh, J.T. and Smith, S., (1997), Seasonally hypersaline estuaries in Mediterranean-climate regions, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol.45(6), p.789-797.
14. Meyers, S.D. and Luther, M.E., (2008), A numerical simulation of residual circulation in Tampa Bay. Part II: Lagrangian residence time, Estuaries and Coasts, Vol.31(5), p.815-827.
15. Mudge, S.M., Icely, J.D. and Newton, A., (2008), Residence times in a hypersaline lagoon: using salinity as a tracer, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol.77(2), p.278-284.
16. Prandle, D., (1984), A Modelling Study of the Mixing of $^{137} $ Cs in the Seas of the European, Continental Shelf Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol.310(1513), p.407-436.
17. Reynolds, R.M., (1993), Physical oceanography of the Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, and the Gulf of Oman—Results from the Mt Mitchell expedition, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol.27, p.35-59.
18. ROPME, (2003), State of the marine environment report 2003, ROPME/GC-11/003, Kuwait.
19. Sadrinasab, M. and Kämpf, J., (2004), Three dimensional flushing times of the Persian Gulf, Geophysical research letters, 31(24).
20. Takeoka, H., (1984), Fundamental concepts of exchange and transport time scales in a coastal sea, Continental Shelf Research, Vol.3(3), p.311-326.
21. Tartinville, B., Deleersnijder, E. and Rancher, J., (1997), The water residence time in the Mururoa atoll lagoon: sensitivity analysis of a three-dimensional model, Coral Reefs, Vol.16(3), p.193-203.
22. Thoppil, P.G. and Hogan, P.J., (2010), Persian Gulf response to a wintertime shamal wind event, Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, Vol.57(8), p.946-955.
23. UNESCO, (1981), Report No. 37. Practical Salinity Scale 1978: E.L. Lewis, IEEE Ocean Engineering, Jan., 1980. 145pp.
24. Valle-Levinson, A., (2010), Definition and classification of estuaries, In: A. Valle-Levinson, (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Estuarine Physics, Cambridge University Press, p.1-11.
25. van de Kreeke, J., (1983), Residence time: application to small boat basins, Journal of waterway, port, coastal, and ocean engineering, Vol.109(4), p.416-428.
26. Wang, Y., Ridd, P.V., Heron, M.L., Stieglitz, T.C. and Orpin, A.R., (2007), Flushing time of solutes and pollutants in the central Great Barrier Reef lagoon, Australia Marine and Freshwater Research, Vol.58(8), p.778-791.
27. Winant, C.D. and Gutiérrez de Velasco, G., (2003), Tidal dynamics and residual circulation in a well-mixed inverse estuary, Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol.33(7), p.1365-1379.
28. Zimmerman, J.T.F., (1988), Estuarine residence times, In: Kjerfve, B. (Ed.), Hydrodynamics of Estuaries, vol.1, CRC Press, p.75–84.

Send email to the article author


Creative Commons License
International Journal of Maritime Technology is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.