Volume 12, Number 23 (9-2016) | 2016, 12(23): 69-80 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

komijani F, chegini V, sadrinasab M, siadatmousavi S M. Simulation of 3D Current Pattern, Sea Surface Temperature and Salinity Distribution in the South of Caspian Sea. International Journal of Maritime Technology. 2016; 12 (23) :69-80
URL: http://ijmt.ir/article-1-426-en.html

Ph.D. student Khoramshahr Marine Science and Technology University
Abstract:   (750 Views)

In this study, patterns of water current, sea surface temperature and salinity distributions over the South Caspian Sea (SCS) have been investigated using ROMS model. Appling the most accurate bathymetry data and forces with temporal resolution of 3-6 hours, and spatial resolution of 0.125 deg is a characteristic of the simulations used in this study. Results show that there is a barotropic anticyclonic eddy over the deep water of SCS, which extended from surface to subsurface. A dipole anticyclonic/cyclonic feature is another structure of SCS that located in northwest (in Apsheron sill)/ southwest respectively,a nd persist throughout the year. Based on results, net buoyancy flux of SCS is more affected by thermal buoyancy rather than haline buoyancy. In addition, there is a saline front in the east coast of SCS that is separated from other regions by combining with warm (cold) water during (warm) seasons.

Full-Text [PDF 1369 kb]   (236 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Offshore Hydrodynamic
Received: 2015/06/25 | Accepted: 2016/10/30

1. Kosarve, A. N., Yabloskaya, E.A., (1994), The Caspian Sea, SPB Academic Publishing, the Hague, Netherlands. 259 p.
2. Tsytsarev, A. N., (1967), (Ed.): Peculiarities of drift currents near Kura river mouth. Proceeding of 5th Baku Hydrometeobservatory. 261.
3. Lednev, V.A., (1943), (Ed.): Currents of the Northern and Central parts of the Caspian Sea, Moscow, p. 262-267.
4. Kara, A.B., Wallcraft, A.J., Metzer E.J., Gunduz, M., (2010), Impacts of freshwater on the seasonal variations of surface salinity and circulation in the Caspian Sea, Continental Shelf Research, Vol. 30, p. 1211-1225.
5. Gunduz, M., Ozsoy, E., (2014), Modelling Seasonal Circulation and Thermohaline Structure of the Caspian Sea, Ocean Science Discussions, Vol. 11, p. 259-292.
6. Akhverdiv, I. O., Demin, Y. L., (1989), structure sinopticheskih techeniy Kaspiiskogo moray v letniy sezon po rezultatam diagnosticheskih raschetov. Struktura I dinamika vod, Nauka, Moscow, edited by: Kosarev, A. Kaspiiskoe, N. et al., USSR, p. 5-15.
7. Haidvogel, D. B., Arango, H.G., Budgell, W.P., Cornuelle, B.D., Curchitser, E., Di Lorenao, E., Fennel, K., Geyer, W.R., Hermann, A.J., lanerolle., L., Levin, J., McWilliams, J.C., Miller, A.J., Moore, A.M., Powell, T.M., Shchepetkin, A.F., Sherwood, C.R., Singell, R.P., Warner, J.C., Wilkin, J., (2008), Regional Ocean Forecasting in terrain-following Coordinates: Model Formulation and Skill Assessent, Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 277, p. 3595-3624
8. Shchepetkin, A. F., McWilliams, J. C., (2005), The Regional Ocean Modeling following coordinates ocean model, Ocean Modell, Vol. 9, p. 347-404.
9. Warner, J.C., Sherwood, C.R., Signell, R.P., Harris, C.K., Arango, H.G., (2008), Development of a three-dimentional, regional, coupled wave, current, and sediment-transport model, Computer & geosciences, Vol. 34, p. 1284-1306.
10. Baidin, S.S., Kosarve, A.N., (1986), (Eds): The Caspian Sea, Hydrology and Hydrochemistry, Nauka, p. 261-272.
11. Ibrayev, R., Ozsoy, E., Schrum, C., Sur, H.I., (2009), Seasonal variability of the Caspian Sea three-dimensional circulation sea level and air-sea interaction, Ocean ScienceDiscussions, Vol. 6, p. 1913-1970.
12. Wu, J., (1982), Wind-stress coefficients over sea surface from breeze to hurricane, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 87, p. 9704-9706.
13. Rosati, A., Miyakoda, K., (1988), A general circulation model for upper ocean simulation, Journal of Physics Oceanogr, Vol. 18, p. 1601-1026.
14. Barnier, B., Siefridt, L., Marchesiello, P., (1995), Thermal forcing for a global ocean circulation model using a three-year climatologyof ECMWF analyses, Journal of Marine Systems, Vol. 6, p. 363-380.
15. Shiea, M., Chegini, V., Bidokhti, A. A., Khoshkholgh, A., Ahmadi-Givi, F., (2015), Impact of wind and thermal forcing on the seasonal variation of three-dimensional circulation in the Caspian Sea, Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences. (in press).
16. Peeters, F., Kipfer, R., Achermann, D., Hofer, M., Aeschbach-Hertig, W., Beyerle, U., Imboden,D., Rozanski, K., Frohlich, K., (2000), Analysis of deep-water exchange in the Caspian Sea based on environmental tracers, Deep-Sea research, Vol. 47, p. 621-654.
17. Turuncoglu, U.U., Giuliani, G., Elguindi, G., Giorgi, F., (2012), Modeling the Caspian Sea and its catchment area using a coupled regional atmosphere-ocean model (RegCM-ROMS): model design and preliminary results, Geoscience model development Discussions, Vol. 5, p. 3907-3955.
18. Trukhchev, D., Kosarve, A., Ivanova, D., Tuzhilkin, V., (1995), Numerical analysis of the general circulation in the Caspian Sea, Comptes rendus de IʼAcademie Bulgare des Sciences, Sofia, p. 35-38.
19. Tuzhilkin, V. S., Kosarve, A.N., Trukhchev, D. I., Ivanova, D. P., (1997), Sezonnye osobennosti obchey cirkulyacii vod glubokovodnoy chaste Kaspiiskogo morey, Meteorologiya I Gidrologiy, p. 91-99.

Send email to the article author

Creative Commons License
International Journal of Maritime Technology is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.